The following procedures explain how to deploy an ExtraHop Explore virtual appliance in a Microsoft Azure environment. You must have experience administering in an Azure environment to complete these procedures.
Your environment must meet the following requirements to deploy a virtual Explore appliance:
- An Explore appliance product key
- An Azure storage account
- A Linux client with the latest updates installed
- The ExtraHop Explore 5100v virtual hard disk (VHD) file, available on the ExtraHop Customer Portal
- An Azure instance size that most closely matches the Explore appliance VM size, as
Appliance Azure Instance Size EXA 5100v Basic A4, Standard A7, or Standard DS13
|Important:||If you want to deploy more than one ExtraHop virtual appliance, create the new instance with the original deployment package or clone an existing instance that has never been started.|
The following procedure is completed through the Azure classic deployment method. Additional configuration steps might be required for Azure Resource Manager deployments.
On your Linux client, open a terminal application and run the following
Install npm and node.js-legacy:
sudo apt-get install npm nodejs-legacy
Install the Azure command-line interface tools:
sudo npm install -g email@example.com
Note: Version 0.9.7 is not the most recent version of the Azure command-line tools. However, in order to upload VHD files to Azure, you must install the older version of the tool.
Download your publish settings file from Azure:
azure account downloadYour default browser automatically opens to http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=254432
- Install npm and node.js-legacy:
- Sign into your Azure account.
- Save the .publishsettings file to your computer.
Return to your terminal application and run the following commands:
Import your publish settings file:
azure account import <path_to_publishsettings_file>
Create a boot image in the Azure blob storage location. The
<azure-EXA5100v.vhd> file is uploaded to blob
storage, and then the new virtual instance is created from this boot
azure vm image create <boot_image_name> <path_to_extrahop.vhd> -o linux -u <storage_account_url>
Where <boot_image_name> is the name of your boot image, <path_to_extrahop_extrahop.vhd> is the name of the ExtraHop VHD file on your local machine, and <storage_account_url> is the location of your storage account in Azure.For example:
azure vm image create example-image /temp/azure-EXA5100v-184.108.40.2063.vhd -o linux -u https://exstorage1.blob.core.windows.net/vm-images/example-vm.vhd
Note: The VHD name in the URL (example-vm.vhd, in the example above) must be unique. If you try to overwrite an existing VHD file with the same name, this step will fail and you will need to repeat this step with a new VHD name.
Create and start an Azure VM instance:
azure vm create <vm_name> <boot_image_name> --ssh -z <instance_size> -l '<zone_name>' --userName user --password 'Ignored@Password1'
Where <vm_name> is the name of your Explore VM, <boot_image_name> is the name of the boot image you created in step 4b, <instance_size> is the Azure instance size, and <zone_name> is your local time zone.
Note: Choose an Azure instance size that most closely matches the Explore VM ( Basic_A4, Standard_A7, or Standard_DS13).For example:
azure vm create example-vm example-image --ssh -z Basic_A4 -l 'West US' --userName user --password 'Ignored@Password1'
Note: Azure requires that you specify a username and password to create and start the VM instance; however, the username and password are not required for the Discover virtual appliance.
Create HTTP, HTTPS, and EXA endpoints. The HTTP and HTTPS Endpoints are
required to direct the inbound network traffic to the Discover virtual
appliance. The EXA endpoint enables Explore nodes to communicate with
other Explore nodes in the same cluster.
azure vm endpoint create -n HTTP <vm_name> 80 80
azure vm endpoint create -n HTTPS <vm_name> 443 443
azure vm endpoint create -n EXA <vm_name> 9443 9443
- Import your publish settings file:
After the Explore appliance is deployed in Azure, log into the Explore Admin UI through the following URL: https://<vm_name>.cloudapp.net/.
|Note:||The default log in name is setup and the password is default.|
Complete the following steps to apply the product key supplied by ExtraHop Customer Support. If you do not have a product key, contact ExtraHop Support.
- In your browser, type the IP address of the Explore appliance (https://<vm_name>.cloudapp.net/).
- Review the license agreement, select I Agree, and then click Submit.
- On the login screen, type setup for the username and default for the password, and then click Log In.
- In the System Settings section, click License.
- Click Manage License.
- Click Register.
- Enter the product key, and then click Register.
Before you beginLog into the Admin UI of each Explore node, click Fingerprint in the Status section, and note the value listed in the Fingerprint field. The fingerprint of each node should be verified during the join process.
If you are deploying three or more Explore nodes, join the nodes to create a cluster.
|Important:||Each node that you join must have the same configuration (physical or virtual) and ExtraHop firmware version.|
- Log into the Admin UI of any new Explore node.
- In the Cluster Settings section, click Join Cluster.
- In the Host text box, type the hostname or IP address of any of the other new nodes and then click Continue.
- Verify that the fingerprint displayed on the page matches the fingerprint of the Explore node that you are joining. If these fingerprints do not match, communication between the nodes might have been intercepted and altered.
- In the Setup Password field, type the password for the setup user.
- Click Join.
- In the Status section, click Cluster Status.
- Wait for the Status field to change to green.
Repeat steps 1 - 8 to join each additional node to the new cluster.
Note: Always join a new node to the existing cluster and not another unjoined node, or you will create multiple clusters.
- Click Cluster Members in the Cluster Settings section to confirm that all of the nodes are listed on the page.
By default, the Explore appliance synchronizes the system time through the pool.ntp.org network time protocol (NTP) server. If your network environment prevents the Explore appliance from communicating with this time server, you must configure an alternate time server source.
|Note:||Time synchronization is critical to ensuring proper cluster operations and maintaining consistent views of data across both Discover and Explore appliances. We strongly recommend that you either keep the default system time setting or configure settings for a different NTP server.|
- In the System Settings section, click System Time.
- Click Configure Time.
- Click the Time Zone drop-down list and select a time zone. Click Save and Continue.
- Select the Use NTP server to set time radio button and then click Select.
- Type the IP addresses for the time server, and then click Save.
- Click Done.
- Click Sync Now to sync system time on the Explore appliance with the remote time server.
You must configure an email server and sender before the ExtraHop appliance can send notifications about system alerts by email.
- A virtual disk is in a degraded state.
- A physical disk is in a degraded state.
- A physical disk has an increasing error count.
- A registered Explore node is missing from the cluster. The node might have failed, or is powered off.
After you deploy the Explore cluster, you must establish a connection from all ExtraHop Discover and Command appliances to the Explore cluster before you can query records. If you manage all of your Discover appliances from a Command appliance, you only need to perform this procedure from the Command appliance.
|Important:||If you have an Explore cluster, pair the Discover appliance to each Explore node so that the Discover appliance can distribute the workload across the entire Explore cluster.|
- Log into the Discover or Command appliance Admin UI.
- In the ExtraHop Explore Settings section, click Configure Explore Cluster.
- Click Add New.
- In the Host #1 Host field, type the hostname or IP address of any Explore appliance in the Explore cluster.
- For each additional Explore appliance in the cluster, click Add New and enter the individual hostname or IP address in the corresponding Host field.
- Click Save.
- Note the information listed for Fingerprint. Verify that the fingerprint listed on this page matches the fingerprint of the Explore appliance (Host #1) listed on the Fingerprint page in the Explore Admin UI.
- In the Explore Setup Password field, type the password of the Explore appliance.
- Click Join, and then click Done.
After your Explore appliance is paired with all of your Discover and Command appliances, you must configure the type of records you want to store. See the following documentation for more information about Explore configuration settings, how to generate and store records, and how to create record queries.