After deploying the ExtraHop system at your data center, insights about your network quickly emerge. As devices that communicate on your network are automatically discovered by the ExtraHop system, you can start to identify traffic bottlenecks or troubleshoot slow services. But how do you gather insights about important traffic for remote locations outside of your data center?
By creating a custom device, you can easily learn how remote locations consume services and applications. Custom devices act as a place to store metrics for traffic that meets conditions you specify, such as an IP address subnet, a range of ports, or a virtual LAN (VLAN). With a custom device, you can monitor the following types of traffic:
- Remote location traffic, such as branch offices, stores, and clinics.
- Third-party business partner traffic, such as credit card processors and timekeepers.
- "The internet," where you can collect traffic from a range of known public IP addresses such as 18.104.22.168/7.
A custom device only counts as a single device towards your licensed device limit, which is helpful for keeping device counts low. But it’s important to note that custom devices affect system performance if they are not configured properly.
This walkthrough shows you how to create a custom device and monitor remote office traffic by completing the following steps:
- Create a custom device for a subnet of branch office devices
- Create a dashboard to monitor bandwidth and latency of branch office traffic
You must have access to an ExtraHop Discover appliance, and you must have a user account with personal, limited, or full write privileges to create a dashboard.
Here are some guidelines about configuring custom devices:
- Avoid creating multiple custom devices for the same IP addresses or ports. Overlapping custom devices might affect system performance.
- Custom devices are unique to a single Discover appliance. You cannot configure a custom device from a Command appliance.
Let’s start building a custom device for our Seattle branch office.
- Log into the Web UI of the Discover appliance and then click the System Settings icon in the top right corner of the page.
- Click Custom Devices.
In the upper right corner, click New.
- In the Name field, type a name for your device. For example, name your device with the branch office region. In this example, we’ll name the device, Seattle.
In the ExtraHop ID field, type information that will help
you search for a device. If left blank, the ExtraHop ID is derived from the
Custom Device Name, and cannot be changed later.
Tip: Examples of useful ExtraHop ID include unique identifiers, such as "Store_09045." The ExtraHop ID cannot contain spaces
- In the Description field, type information that will help identify this remote network in future searches. For example, type the branch office address so that you can search for this custom device by city or zip code.
In the lower left corner of the Custom Device
Configuration page, click Add
In the IP Address field, type a CIDR notation for the
Seattle branch office subnet. For this example, we will type
- You can leave port and VLAN fields blank.
The CIDR block now appears in the Match Criteria section of the Custom Device Configuration page.
Click OK again.
Note: If your Discover appliance has exceeded the licensed device limit, your new custom device will show up in Limited Analysis. Add your custom device to the whitelist and then the ExtraHop system will begin collecting full L2-L7 metrics for the custom device.
Your custom device is created! It will take a few minutes for the custom device to discover devices on the remote network. As the ExtraHop system observes traffic that meets the match criteria (for example, the 10.8.22.0/24 subnet), metrics will become available for this custom device.
Next, let’s create a dashboard to easily monitor custom device metrics.
You can create a dashboard to display specific charts and data for the custom device you created.
- Click Dashboards at the top of the page and then click New Dashboard at the bottom left corner of the page.
- On the bottom left of the Dashboard page, click New Dashboard.
- In the Title field of the Dashboard Properties window, type a name for your dashboard. For this walkthrough, type Seattle Branch Office Traffic.
- Click Create. When you create a new dashboard, a workspace opens in an editable layout mode. This workspace contains a single region and two empty widgets: a chart and a text box.
Text box widgets can include custom explanatory text about a dashboard or
chart. For this walkthrough, however, we won’t be adding text. Delete the text
box by completing the following steps:
- Click the command menu in the upper right corner of the text box widget and click Delete.
- Click Delete Widget.
Let’s monitor the amount of network bytes coming into and out of the remote network.
- Click the empty chart widget in your newly created dashboard to open the Metric Explorer.
- Click Add Source.
In the Sources field, type Seattle
and then select the Custom Device from the results, as
shown in the following example.
In the Metrics field, type network
bytes to filter the results from all of the available metrics,
and then click Network Bytes In.
- Click Add Metric, type network bytes, and then click Network Bytes Out.
Click the Area chart.
- Click Save.
Now let’s now monitor whether network latency is affecting the remote network.
From the bottom of the page, click and drag a chart widget into the empty space
next to the first chart.
- Click the empty chart.
- Click Add Source and type Seattle and then click Seattle.
Type tcp round trip time to filter results and then
click TCP Round Trip Time.
Click the Value chart.
- Click Save.
In the upper right corner of the page, click Exit Layout
You now have a couple of charts to consult when slow network performance is reported. The following table includes suggestions for interpreting chart data and then troubleshooting issues.
|Potential Issue||Follow Up Action|
|A sudden increase in traffic||Investigate dashboard chart data to understand what is contributing to
You can also investigate protocol page data. Click the chart title and then click the custom device name in the Go to... section. A protocol page for the custom device appears. Create an activity map to see device connections and volume of traffic between connections.
You can also compare two time intervals from different business hours to see the difference in metric values.
|Slow application||Determine if the slow application is related to a client-side issue in the
branch office, or if the issue is related to servers in the local data
Click the chart title and then click the custom device name in the Go to... section. A protocol page for the custom device appears.
In the Client Activity section in the left pane, click HTTP, Database, DNS, or ICA (Citrix) to investigate client-side Error metrics. In the Server Activity section, click protocols and investigate metrics such as Errors and Server Processing Time. These metrics show you that servers might be contributing to the issue.
|Increase in traffic volume over time||Add a dynamic baseline to a chart to view trends in traffic data over time. Note that the Discover appliance starts to build a dynamic baseline after it is added to the chart. You cannot view a baseline of historic data.|
|Increase in network congestion or other data transmission issues||Investigate TCP metrics to see how the network is affecting application
Click the chart title and then click the custom device in the Go to… section of the drop-down menu. A protocol page for the custom device appears. Look for large values for the following metrics: